The (not so) Silent Threat to American Classrooms and ways to address it.
Noise is everywhere. Unless it’s a movie or naptime, you can’t really find a quiet place inside a school. Especially, the place where quiet should matter the most; the classroom.
The impact that noise has on classrooms can be easily overlooked. You don’t think about the hmm of the air conditioner or the rattle of the pipes, but experts believe that students miss up to 33 percent of learning material because they can’t understand what’s being said. Children who are especially sensitive; socio-emotional or those
The National Heart Association says chronic noise can cause elevated stress responses in the human brain. This is especially straining for students because unlike adults, children haven’t developed the ability to interpret meaning from words that they don’t fully understand.
Noise pollution from outside noise, HVAC units, the humming of lights can have serious health and cause performance impacts on students. For example, an air conditioner found in Decatur, GA aka “the beast” is a staggering 60 decibels. Schools do take the performance of their districts seriously. However, noise inside of the classroom is not a priority. To reduce noise levels and bring awareness to noise issues in schools the American National Standards Institute in 2002 published a set of standards to be used by designers, school planners, and school districts that dictates maximum noise and reverberation levels in classrooms. (ANSI_S2.60) Keep in mind that this, however is not a requirement. It is recommended that decibels levels in schools not exceed 35 decibels. It has been recorded by researchers that noise classroom can reach between 66 to 94 decibels! In a TED Talk by sound expert Julian Treasure, he makes it clear that Architects need to use their ears as well as their eyes. Here are some solutions to show you how.
Keep in mind
Sound is lazy and will always take the easiest path to get from point A to B. The easiest path for sound to travel is a clear unobstructed path. If you can visually see the noisy machine, there is nothing obstructing or reducing the noise from the maximum amount that you can receive. It is important to not only place something in-between and the noisy machine but also to make sure that there is no place for the noise to slip through the holes and cracks.
Structure Borne vs Air Borne Noise
Structure Borne noise is cause by vibration the different components. The vibration can cause structures as well or sheet metal to resonate. Initial design can control a large portion of this problem. The preferred method of controlling residual structure-borne noise is to isolate the cause of the vibration.
Air Borne Noise can be reduced through proper design elements and acoustical treatments. The primary consideration in design to reduce Air Borne Noise is to make sure that all air paths in or out of the enclosure are tortuous and to ensure that all large flat sound reflecting surface are treated with appropriate soft sound absorbing materials.
Know the causes
Heating and cooling systems play a major part in excessive classroom noise because to save dollars, schools often place HVAC units in each classroom instead of a centralized system. Individual units typically are nosier. Another reason for the excess noise is the lack of Acoustic Standard being applied to building codes in the same fashion as lighting and ventilation. Ensuring that equipment used in and around classrooms is manufactured to the quietest possible standards is the easiest way to reduce unwanted noise in the classroom.